Malaria is a communicable disease & can be life-threatening, causing a negative social impact. It is one of the top 5 causes of death in low socio-economic countries and ranks 4th, following lower respiratory infections, diarrhoeal diseases and HIV/AIDS. Malaria is caused by plasmodium parasites that are transmitted to humans through the bites of infected female Anopheles mosquitoes.
It is preventable, yet in 2016, 216 million cases were recorded (5 million more cases than 2015) and caused 445,000 deaths, among which two-thirds were children under the age of 5. Preventing new infections mainly by vector control is regarded as the most effective way of combating malaria. In the absence of effective vector control, Malaria has a major impact not only in public health but in socio-economic development as well.
Since 2000, there has been an unprecedented progress in Malaria prevention and control largely through the substantial scale-up of insecticidal interventions through Insecticidal Treated Nets (ITNs) and Indoor Residual Spraying (IRS), particularly in Sub-Saharan Africa.
However, the increase in malaria cases for the first time in a decade is an alarming reality which is mainly attributed to the emerging wide spread mosquito resistance to the currently used insecticides. This threatens the efficacy of the insecticide based vector control tools. Furthermore, apart from the development of insecticidal resistance, there are also other key ecological obstacles that limit the effectiveness of vector control. These include variation in mosquito behavior, presence of behavioral avoidance, high vector biodiversity, lack of insights on mosquito dispersal and mating behavior, and the impact of environmental changes on mosquito ecological traits. Studies have also shown that even in areas that insecticide resistance was detected they may still be efficient at reducing the proportion of older and potentially infectious vectors, thus controlling malaria transmission. Knowledge of vector ecology therefore is essential in this fight against Malaria.
In 2012 World Health Organization (WHO) issued a Global Plan for Insecticide Resistance Management (GPIRM) in malaria vectors to avert this threat by preventing an increase in insecticide resistance, hence maintaining the effectiveness of existing vector-control interventions and encouraged the industry to develop new generation of insecticidal interventions that are ecofriendly.
The WHO has adopted the Integrated Vector control management (IVM) globally for the control of all vector-borne diseases. The IVM is a rational decision-making process for the optimal use of resources for vector control. The goals of malaria vector control are two-fold; firstly is to protect individual people against infective malaria mosquito bites, and secondly, is to reduce the intensity of local malaria transmission at community level by reducing the longevity, density and human vector contact of the local vector mosquito population.
The renewed effort to control malaria worldwide and move towards elimination is founded on the latest generation of effective tools and methods for prevention and treatment.
The core malaria prevention tools as recommended by WHO are the use of:
a. Insecticide treated nets,
b. Indoor residual spraying and
c. Prevention therapy with anti malarial pills.
Landcent’s product range is inspired from the WHO recommended core techniques of Malaria prevention. Since 2012, we have committed our resources towards better understanding of behavioral ecology of malaria vectors in order to produce efficient and sustainable Malaria Control products to Save Lives. Our expertise in research and development, world-class production facilities and efficient quality management systems guarantees production of reliable malaria prevention products that adequately address the need of Malaria burdened countries.
Please click on the below links to learn more about Landcent’s products:
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